Korat Geopark: History and Natural Wealth of Thailand

28.05.2023
Korat Geopark: History and Natural Wealth of Thailand

Assignment of Geopark status to Korat

In recent years, geoparks have become increasingly popular tourist destinations, bringing together natural, geological and cultural attractions. Thailand is no exception and prides itself on having its own geoparks. One of them, Korat Geopark, located in the province of Nakhon Ratchasima, became the second Thai Geopark to be included in the list of 195 UNESCO World Geoparks. Throughout this article, we will dive into the history and natural wealth of the Korat Geopark.

Unique landscape and geological features

One of the impressive features of Korat Geopark is its cues landscape. A cuest is a ridge or hill with a gentle slope on one side and a steep slope on the other. Korat Geopark offers one of the longest quest systems in the world, spanning five districts of the province. The boundaries of the Geopark intersect with the northeastern part of Thailand adjacent to the Central Region.

The main geological gift of the Korat Geopark is its incredible variety of rocks and formations. Sandstone, conglomerate, sandy loam, shale and clay - these multi-colored layers tell about millions of years of geological processes. The uplift of the Himalayan mountains 65-55 million years ago led to the formation of a plateau and a depression, and the alternation of stable and less stable rocks created two rows of cuestas - ledges on the hillsides. These natural formations create the mesmerizing beauty of the geopark's landscape and are testament to the Earth's turbulent past.

However, the Geopark is not limited to the beauty of its formations. Here you can observe the phenomena that occurred on Earth millions of years ago. The fossils found at the Korat Geopark allow scientists to explore the history of dinosaurs, ancient mammals, and other ancient life forms. This is a place where the past comes alive before our eyes, where we can see firsthand the historical heritage of the planet.

Fossil museum

The Korat Geopark, located in the Muang District of Nakhon Ratchasima, is a historical treasure trove that brings the ancient world of our planet to life. This little-known corner of nature holds an incredible variety of fossils that reveal the secrets of the million-year evolution of life.

In the geological depths of the Korat Geopark lie treasures that shed light on the world of dinosaurs and other ancient creatures that lived here more than 10,000 years ago. Fossils of four dinosaur species can be found here: Sirindhorna Khoratensis, Ratchasimasaurus Suranareae, Siamodon Nimngami and Siamraptor Suwati. These amazing finds and many other fossils are on display at the Korat Fossil Museum, located in the Muang province. Visitors have a unique opportunity to touch the ancient world and study the evolution of life on Earth.

Historical landmarks

Apart from geological wonders, Korat Geopark also attracts visitors with its historical sights. One of them is the Prasat Hin Phanomwan temple complex, which is the architectural heritage of Thailand. The ruins of the ancient city of Sema, representing the remains of Khmer-style temples, are located in the Sung Noen area and include an impressive statue of a reclining Buddha. Also worth noting is the Wat Khao Chan Ngam temple in the Sihyo area, where you can see prehistoric inscriptions painted on the walls over 3,000 years ago.

Attractiveness of the geopark for tourists

Korat Geopark is a popular tourist destination, attracting lovers of nature, geology, history and culture. Visitors can enjoy a variety of recreational activities such as hiking, archeological excursions and getting to know the local culture. Korat Geopark offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the richness of Thailand's geological heritage and appreciate its scientific and cultural significance.

Governance and the future of the geopark

The status of a UNESCO Geopark requires effective management that combines nature conservation, sustainable development and the participation of local communities. Korat Geopark will continue to develop and attract tourists, but the preservation of its unique nature and heritage remains the main goal. Thanks to the active participation of local residents and cooperation with scientific and educational institutions, the future of the Geopark remains bright and promising.

Korat Geopark is not only a unique natural area, but also a historical and cultural monument of Thailand. Assigning it the status of a UNESCO Geopark confirms its importance and value for science, tourism and the conservation of natural heritage. Travelers from all over the world can discover the beautiful scenery, ancient fossils and rich history of this amazing part of Thailand. Korat Geopark will continue to delight and inspire visitors with its diversity and beauty.

Author of the article: Ekaterina Antonova